Antibiotic resistance remains a major challenge in healthcare delivery from the realization that antibiotics are increasingly becoming less effective for treating medical conditions (Stephens). The breakdown of the subject is thus centered on the relevance of the incorporation of antibiotics in the care process as a primary technique for healthcare and care process. There have, however, erupted controversies regarding the use of antibiotics revolving around the need to embrace alternative strategies for treating diseases. While there could be a display of counter-arguments, it is still not established whether there are appropriate efforts in place to overcome the challenge for the betterment of health. Another question that is yet to be addressed whether humans have considered the possibility of venturing into alternative antibiotics to solve the challenge of the less efficacious ones. While some people would tend to think that antibiotic resistance is an overstatement, it is important that there is a detailed review of possible alternatives to cater for the increasing resistance of bacterial species. The practical ways of overcoming the threat of losing the touch of medicine in countering microbial species would be by deploying new antibiotics for use, the experimentation and application of bacteriophages in targeting the resistant strains, and opting for primary schemes of preventing the contact with microbes as this offers more viable and defensible solutions that the counter-argument.
The Need for New Antibiotics
A practical proposition to challenging the increasing concern of the lack of potent antibiotics is the need to develop new drugs that are hoped to perform better than the previous versions. It is always a good idea to seek solutions that tend to be a substitute for the challenges faced when the subject of drugs comes up is the realization that it would be more efficient to change the drugs. According to Stephens, the new antibiotics will take the form of using new interventions to treat the same diseases which should be obtained preferably from new methods of productions and possibly new drugs altogether. Stephens further states that it is possible that there could be a problem with the diagnostics devices, making him propose for a new set of diagnostic devices introducing the drugs. It is possible to justify this claim because many of the production methods could have been used in the historic period hence necessitating the need to employ the interventions,
It is, however, possible that some naysayers would argue the point by disapproving it on the concept of new drugs effectiveness. One likely challenge that could be brought by such individuals would be the questioning of the new drugs when the organisms are the same. In the case of such an argument, it would be prudent to bring into effect the fact that many organisms are similarly changing through the process of mutation as seen with the organism Klebsiella pneumonia (Madhusoodanan). In fact, it has to be emphasized that there is still potential because, with the mutating organisms, a direct alternative would be to issue changing dimensions for attacking the organisms.
The Use of Bacteriophages for Treating Microbial Diseases
The other realistic suggestion has been the realization that bacteriophages can alternatively be used to treat the non-resistant bacteria (Azvolinsky). The use of Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) has been identified and approved as an alternative in addressing the challenge of drugs that are less efficacious due to the effects of resistance (Azvolinsky). This strategy offers potential because it has been a process that has undergone several testing techniques to ascertain the appropriateness of the interventions. According to Azvolinsky, the practicality of the use of CRISPR is based on the principle that the phages have the ability to synthesize the microbes to the drug and deliver as a treatment facet. The other motivation for the need to a consideration for the practicality of phages is based on the realization that it is an advancement of a previous less efficacious technique referred to as the classic therapy model. In this foundational method, it is stated that the therapy would involve the use of a variety of phages would target to infect and lyse the specific microbial organisms and I the process bring a treatment effect (Madhusoodanan). This method appears to be effective as the CRISPR tends to provide an array of possibilities that involve using viruses to lyse the bacterial strains way before the resistant plasmids can infect the host. Both methods tend to provide a solid framework for the implementation of phage technology in addressing the challenges of resistance by bacterial strains.
It is, however, likely that one would dispute the claims by suggesting that phages tend to offer a new method that could be short-lived in its practicality and would lose its touch in a few years because it has rarely been published as a confirmed technique. While it is possible to raise such a concern the response would be from the finding that it has been confirmed that studies on the usage of pages have been traced in history to date as far as 1896, only that it is likely that there was not much attention into use for antimicrobials purposes (Madhusoodanan). According to Madhusoodanan, infections have been a subject that has disturbed humanity for a long time and so has medicine. While its usage of resistant strains remains a novel intervention, the realization that phages have been used for over a century warrant its application for experimentation in any subject in the field of healthcare.
The Use of Primary Prevention Strategies
Finally, it is also important to consider that the problem of antibiotic resistance can be addressed at a primary level through the call for more emphasis on integration preventive mechanisms to avoid contact with the bacteria. It would be realistic to think of this factor as a primary prevention mechanism because it offers the host the freedom to avoid being at risk of being victims of antibiotic resistance (Stephens). According to Stephens, the wakeup call for stakeholders is to hold the prevalence of the cases constant and focus on the incidence by stopping the spread of microbes. The proposed protocol suggested is the use of clean water for domestic purposes, ensuring that there is better hygiene and the observation of overall hygiene. Furthermore, it is suggested that there is a need to consider the necessity for instituting of prevention mechanisms at the hospice level. The two recommended techniques according to Stephens are the need to appreciate the existence of vaccination efforts and the application of infection control systems in the healthcare setting to circumvent the risk of contracting nosocomial infections.
However, proposing an issue related to prevention schemes is likely to draw a heated debated regarding its efficacy. With the increasing world population, it is realistic to think that resources will only get limited with time pilling pressure on the government regarding the practicality of access if clean water system and other techniques that rely solely on the mentioned techniques. However, while this method should draw concerns, it is important to suggest that despite the possibility that there could be an overstretch in resources to create unfavorable living conditions, the positive aspect is based on the individual measures. Rather than looks at the issues as a communal perspective, it should be viewed rather as a responsibility of the individual who should strive to ensure that despite the tough survival environment, they should be able to maintain high hygiene.
It is possible that while the subject offers much potential, many would still question whether it deserves the attention it has received from medical experts. Opposing arguments would be stated from the fact that there is an excessive emphasis on the resistance by microbes on antibacterial interventions at the expense of other issues that could be discussed in healthcare. While there exist many possible counterarguments, it is important to stress that the need for efficient and affordable care should always remain the priority in any medical intervention. The realization that patients are spending a lot on medication yet they are unresponsive to the interventions that are introduced on to cure their antimicrobials ailments is a warrant they the problem deserves to be given the attention that it needs.