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A cellulosic ethanol – part 2 of essay

Benefits of Cellulosic Ethanol

Comparison of this fuel to gasoline gives more credit to the use of Cellulosic Ethanol than gasoline. It is based on the environmentally friendly nature of the fuel compared to the gas. The fuel is considered to be having very minimal amount of carbon monoxide than petrol. Excessive emission of carbon monoxide is linked to high incidence of heart disease.  These diseases are severe and can often claim lives of many adults. Children born in such areas polluted with carbon monoxide can barely survive to old age. Emission of these toxic gasses can also interfere with the breathing system of an individual as well the blood circulation. Recent studies relate the mysterious death to excessive accumulation of carbon monoxide. The gas has the potential to bind with hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is structured to carry around oxygen to different body parts. Binding of carbon monoxide with the hemoglobin reduces the available site to carry oxygen. Since carbon monoxide has high affinity to hemoglobin than oxygen, hemoglobin readily picks up the gas at the expense of carrying oxygen. It makes the body cells and organs to be deprived of oxygen leading to suffocation ad finally death cases. The adoption of cellulosic ethanol as a fuel is proposed by the health professional to reduce the emission of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere. This is the key benefits of using biofuel to supply energy. It is viewed as an essential intervention to control environmental pollution.

The use of cellulosic ethanol to provide energy has come at the right time when the menace of acid rain has gone very high. The significant perpetrators of acidic precipitation include nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide. It is important to note that the use of cellulosic ethanol has significantly minimized emission of nitrogen oxide. Accumulated level of nitrogen oxide is essential fundamental to the formation of acidic rain. The effects of acidic rain are much more beyond intervention as it destroys structures and can also hamper with crop production. In some parts of the country, the existence of acidic has also interfered with the natural habitation of wild animals and microorganism. Plants have withered, and wild animals have migrated to other regions.

It is inevitable to note the impacts of acidic rain to general soil topography. Soil topography is referred to the different components of soil structures. It is improved by the presence of a living microorganism in the ground. They help to aerate the ground and make improve the ground fertility. Microorganisms are very significant in breaking down the soil organic matter and incorporate them into soil layers. The increase in the ground PH by increased acidic rain interferes and probably destroys some beneficial soil microorganism thus leading to undistributed soil fertility. This may necessitate the use of inorganic fertilizer to boost soil fertility for better crop production.  It is, therefore, important to reduce the emission of gasses that lead to the formation of acid rain. Environmental designers and conservatives should promote the use of cellulosic ethanol which has minimal content of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide. The two gasses are very notorious in contributing to acid rain (Gürbüz, Wettstein  & Dumesic). Therefore, the key benefit of using cellulosic ethanol to provide fuel is the ability to cut off the emission of nitrogen oxide gasses.

Another fundamental benefit of making ethanol from cellulose is the inexhaustibility and the good nature of the raw material. The raw material is readily abundant in adequate quantity to support the production of ethanol. Unlike cornstarch which demands agricultural inputs and other services, retrieving of cellulose is easy and cheap as it can obtain from leaves, flowers and even the stem of the plant. The final production cost of ethanol from cellulose is effective and does not require additional expenses of importing raw material from other countries. Switchgrass is one the most suitable crop for the production of ethanol. It has been established that the crop can survive the adverse weather and successfully grow to provide cellulose. Secondly, another beneficial characteristic of the plant is the ability reproduces in large numbers over a short of time. In regards to these aspects, the plants are preferably cultured round the firm for the production of ethanol.  The production of cellulosic ethanol is rapidly growing in the United States due to the ready availability of raw material which is an essential factor for production.  The innovation has also limited the total cost of importation of corn starch from neighboring countries. The scarcity of maize starch and high demand for this raw material makes its price appreciate to a great value. These factors combined with the total cost of production of corn ethanol makes it expensive to purchase corn ethanol, unlike cellulosic ethanol. Consumers of cellulosic ethanol are served from undertaking the extra cost of buying corn ethanol for their cars and other automobiles.  The use of cellulosic ethanol will ensure steady fuel to the residents compared to any other existing source of fuel.

Extraction of fuel from plant cellulose helps in waste management. Other than using plants leaves with a good amount of cellulose, waste materials from sugar factories as well as paper industries can properly be recycled to produce cellulosic ethanol.  The production of cellulosic fuel has adequately helped to manage the disposal of this waste in the environment. The biomass in this waste material is sufficiently recycled to release fuel which would otherwise be ignored.  The approach has helped in getting rid of environmental wastes without interfering with the well-being of nature.

The challenge of greenhouse gasses emission can adequately be addressed by the use cellulosic ethanol. The production of this type of fuel is environmental friendly since it does not release excess greenhouse gasses. The greenhouse effects have skyrocketed environmental specialist and has become a global concern. Multi-approach interventions are essential fundamental intervention to reduce the impacts. Another importance benefit of cellulosic ethanol about the greenhouse gas emission is the minimal release of toxic gasses when burnt to release energy compared to gasoline. Researchers have ascertained that cellulose has less soot and can comfortably use in the environment without polluting the atmosphere.  It is further important to mention the global effects which have resulted to various natural calamities in the world like an earthquake and persistent drought in the world. The above calamities can only be mitigated by the limited release of toxic gaseous into the environment. Many lives and immense value of the property have been lost due to greenhouse effects. People are therefore encouraged to take extra measures on the safety of their surrounding by adopting cellulosic ethanol as an important source of fuel both in Homestead and private owned companies.

There are increased risks associated with the drilling of oil or transportation of petroleum through pipe or trailers. For instance, oil spillage on water mass has interfered with the marine life. People have ingested polluted water in some areas due to oil seepage from the pipeline.  Moreover, drilling to harness oil from the well has claimed many innocent lives. It has buried some people live in the sand. The possible intervention for these risks associated with oil drilling and mining can be mitigated through extraction of petroleum from plant cellulose. The process is secured as miners do not expose their lives to such risks. Good alternative source fuel other than oil or gasoline is ethanol.  It is cheap and straightforward and less risky in the long run.

Last to mention is the reliability and the accessibility of the fuel in remote areas. The plant can best the established in the countryside where the raw material for the firm is readily available reducing the cost of transportation.  This effort helps to industrialize the rural thus bringing more development in the region.  It exposes the country to various social amenities like roads and electricity but more so creating jobs for the jobless. Regarding this, it improves the social status of the common citizens who reside around the firm. It also creates a perfect place for disposing of waste material which is possible pollutants of the environment. Having considered the above benefits of cellulosic ethanol as a primary source of fuel, the all other stakeholders should collaborate to step up the use of cellulosic ethanol in the provision of energy.

Cellulosic ethanol pros and cons

Considering the advantages and disadvantages of cellulosic ethanol production is critical. The two words pros and cons seemed to be very confusing in meaning. The pros and cons of cellulosic ethanol are a careful analysis of advantages and disadvantages of ethanol production in general. The following are among the pros and cons of cellulosic ethanol

Pros

Here, we are going to analyze the benefits of cellulosic ethanol in the provision of energy carefully. These are not limited to its production, but it comprehensively covers its use to the entire society.

Biodegradable spillage

All the biodegradable products are environmental friendly in nature. They do not pose heavy implication to the well-being of life. As a matter of facts, a spillage of cellulosic ethanol takes very few days to be degraded into less harmful substances that can be absorbed by plants and other microorganisms living in the soil. The residual effects of petroleum could last for couples of days interfering with the well-being of nature.

The facts that ethanol is made from organic materials makes it less worrisome in case there is a spill over the water mass. The effects of petroleum are highly pronounced when such an incidences occur. Aquatic life is ever in trouble when spillage occurs during the transportation process. Unless the covering layer of oil is carefully removed from the surface, massive death of aquatic life may occur.